More on Jornada del Muerto
Jornada del Muerto separated from the Rio Grande for 90 miles to avoid the steep canyons just west of the river. The flatlands east of Caballo Mountains were easily traversed by the wagons and livestock. Water holes were spaced about 10 miles apart and were frequently dry. Often, the wagon trains traveled at night to avoid the sun's parching heat. It took more than a week to cross the Jornada and the travelers were vulnerable to hostile attack.