Elephant Butte Inn and Spa

Historical Background of T or C, NM..Pt. 1

Truth or Consequences' long history has unfolded around its hot springs.  For millenia, humans have gathered around the hot mineral water percolating up in the Rio Grande's sandy marshlands where downtown T or C now stands.  The Ancients of pre-history built pit homes and pueblo-like dwellings and farmed the surrounding area.  They gathered around the hot springs for socializing and healing.  Much more recently, the Apache roamed the region using the hot springs for gathering and healing.

In 1598, Juan de Onate and his troops moved northward through New Mexico, followed by Spanish settlers.  They built homes and villages, farming the canyons in the area.  In the 1800s, the Apache was driven out, allowing more white settlers to arrive and develop ranching and mining activities.  In T or C, the first bathhouse was built in 1882 by cowboys from the John Cross Ranch. (pictured below). More bathhouses followed.

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